12 • Lesson 15 Word List

anachronism

(n) 1. The placing of some person or thing out of its proper historical place.
In a play set in 1922, a television onstage would be an anachronism.

2. A person or thing that is or seems to be out of its proper time in history.
The personal computer has made the typewriter an anachronism.

apiary

(n). A place where bees are raised for their honey.
Beekeepers wear special protective clothing when visiting the apiary.

compete
archetype*

(n) 1. The original model from which others are made or developed.
Ford’s Model T was the archetype for mass-produced automobiles.

2. Patterns of myth and ritual that occur repeatedly in diverse cultures throughout time.
In his much respected book Hero with a Thousand Faces, Joseph Campbell traces the hero archetype across cultures and centuries up to the present day.

carcinogen

(n) A substance that causes cancer.
Research has clearly established the presence of carcinogens in tobacco products.

carcinogenic (adj)

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checkered

(adj) Marked by frequent changes of situation; full of ups and downs.
She has had a checkered business career, but her credo is, “When the going gets tough, the tough get going.”

cornucopia

(n) 1. A goat’s horn, or a straw container shaped like it, filled with produce from the harvest; a horn of plenty.
Thanksgiving greeting cards often show images of cornucopias as table centerpieces.

2. An enormous store of something; an abundance.
The Modern Library series offers a cornucopia of literary classics.

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devolve

(v) To pass on or be passed on to.
When President John F. Kennedy was assassinated, presidential duties devolved upon Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson.

equitable

(adj) Fair to all concerned.
The teachers’ contract will be not be signed until its terms seem equitable to all the parties.

exigencies

(n, pl) Demands; requirements.
The exigencies of a faltering economy call for action by governmental leaders.

fatalism

(n) The belief that fate determines everything and one cannot influence the outcome of particular events.
“Whatever will be, will be” is an expression of fatalism.

fatalistic (adj)

gustatory

(adj) Relating to the sense of taste.
The chocolate layer cake in the display case was both a visual and a gustatory delight.

minutiae

(n, pl) Small details.
Stop focusing on the minutiae and try to look at the big picture!

motley

(adj) Composed of many different kinds or types; diverse.
The band members were a motley group who expressed their sartorial taste in a variety of unconventional ways.

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prospectus*

(n) A printed statement, given to potential buyers, describing a business or investment opportunity.
The prospectus of the mutual fund apprises investors of the stocks it selects.

vernal

(adj) Of or relating to the spring.
The vernal equinox occurs on or about March 21 and marks the beginning of spring in the Northern Hemisphere.

compete

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