5 • Lesson 11 Word List

accelerate

(v) 1. To go or to cause to go faster.
The morning train quickly accelerates once it leaves the station.

2. To bring about at an earlier time.
Increased sunlight accelerates the growth of plants.

compete
altitude

(n) Height above sea level or the earth’s surface.
Mexico City lies at an altitude of almost 8,000 feet.

anxious

(adj) 1. Worried; concerned.
I am anxious about how I did on the Spanish test.

2. Eager; wishing strongly.
After writing to each other for over a year, the two penpals are anxious to meet.

anxiety (n) Great uneasiness or concern.
Our anxiety grew as the day of the big test approached.

compete
brace

(v) 1. To make stronger by giving support to.
Mom braced the table leg with a metal strip to keep it from wobbling.

2. To make ready for a shock; to prepare.
After the bus driver’s warning, I grabbed the pole and braced myself for a bump.

(n) Something used to support a weak part.
I wore a brace on my leg for four weeks after I injured it doing a high jump.

bracing (adj) Giving energy to; refreshing.
After spending most of the summer in the city, we found the cool mountain air wonderfully bracing.

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confident

(adj) Certain; sure.
We are confident we will win Saturday’s hockey game.

confidence (n) 1. A lack of doubt; a feeling of being certain.
My parents showed their confidence in me by letting me repair the car by myself.

2. Trust in another to keep a secret.
Because Felix told me this in confidence, I cannot answer your question.

contact*

(n) 1. The touching or joining of two things.
Contact with a live wire will give you an electric shock.

2. The condition of being in communication with others.
Before the telephone was invented, people usually stayed in contact by writing letters.

(v) To communicate with.
The Apollo astronauts could not contact Earth while their spaceship was traveling behind the moon.

exult

(v) To be joyful; to show great happiness.
Senator Gray’s supporters exulted when she easily won reelection.

exultant (adj) Very happy.
Theresa was exultant when she crossed the 10K finish line first.

hangar

(n) A building where aircraft are kept and repaired.
The pilot steered the plane out of the hangar and onto the runway.

maximum*

(n) The greatest or highest number or amount.
The largest bus we have for school trips holds a maximum of fifty people.

(adj) Being the greatest or highest number or amount.
The maximum speed of this car is eighty miles per hour.

methodical*

(adj) Done in a regular, orderly way.
Our methodical search of the house failed to turn up any evidence of the lost key.

nonchalant

(adj) Having the appearance of not caring; seeming to show a lack of concern.
Your nonchalant attitude to schoolwork worries your parents.

proceed*

(v) To go on, especially after stopping for a while; to continue.
The subway train proceeded on its way after I got off at 14th Street.

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saunter

(v) To walk without hurrying; to stroll in a relaxed, unhurried manner.
Pedestrians saunter along the river bank, enjoying the afternoon sunshine.

(n) A relaxed, unhurried walk.
Our saunter around the park was abruptly terminated by a violent thunderstorm.

solo

(n) A musical piece for one voice or a single instrument.
The long guitar solo was the best part of the rock concert.

(adj) Made or done by one person.
I told my mom I would do a solo cleaning of the kitchen, so she could take a break.

(v) To fly alone, especially for the first time.
Most student pilots solo after ten hours of lessons.

stall

(n) 1. A place for an animal in a barn.
Each horse in the barn had its own stall.

2. A small stand or booth where things are sold.
I purchased this pottery at one of the stalls at the county fair.

(v) 1. To suddenly lose power.
He will stall the engine if he doesn’t give the car some gas.

2. To delay by being evasive.
I tried to stall the teacher by saying I had lost my book.

compete

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