7 • Lesson 7 Word List


(v) To ask earnestly; to beg.
I beseech you to stay just one more day.


(n) Amazement or fear that makes one feel confused.
We were filled with consternation when we saw that our car had been towed.


(adj) Pleasing to the senses, especially to the sense of taste; delicious.
My grandfather’s homemade apple pie is delectable.


(n) A wreath or chain of leaves and flowers.
The islanders greet new arrivals with garlands of fresh flowers to put around their necks.


(v) 1. To please or satisfy.
The Red Cross was gratified by the response to its appeal for blood donors.

2. To give in to what is wanted or requested.
My parents were unable to gratify my wish for a pony.

gratifying (adj) Pleasing.
It is gratifying to see one’s hard work in math rewarded with higher grades.


(adj) Showing too much pride in oneself and scorn or contempt for others.
Sofia’s haughty manner made her unpopular.

haughtiness (n) The state or quality of being haughty.
His haughtiness seemed absurd for one who had accomplished so little.


(adj) Likely to act without thinking; hasty.
I regretted my impetuous decision to invite everyone at Marcello’s party to come over to my place.


(adj) 1. Much more than enough.
The Chinese New Year’s celebration included a lavish fifteen-course meal.

2. Very costly.
The tribal chiefs at the ceremony bestowed lavish gifts on each other as signs of respect.

(v) To give freely or generously.
Critics lavished praise on the new Broadway musical.


(v) 1. To pull off or out; to pick.
I was tempted to pluck a rose from the bush, but the sight of the thorns stopped me.

2. To remove the feathers from.
The chef plucked the chicken before the meal.

3. To pull at and let go.
You play the harp by plucking the strings gently.

(n) Courage; bravery.
It took a lot of pluck for Rico to learn to walk again.

plucky (adj) Brave; courageous.
After a plucky attempt to rescue the kitten stuck in the tree, Monique had to call the fire department.


(v) To think about; to consider carefully.
Lost in thought, the chess player pondered her next move.


(n) A special favor, right, or advantage given to a person or group.
Free parking at Reagan National Airport is one of the privileges enjoyed by members of Congress.

privileged (adj) Given favors or advantages denied to others.
You should feel privileged that you were able to attend the glee-club competition in Chicago.


(adj) 1. Lying flat.
Having fainted, he lay prostrate on the floor.

2. Lying facedown, especially to show respect.
The worshippers in the temple lay prostrate before the priest.

3. Completely overcome; weak and helpless.
People were prostrate with terror as the tornado approached.


(n) A state of great joy, delight, or love.
The Scot was filled with rapture at the sound of bagpipes.


(n) Noisy merrymaking.
Sounds of revelry came from the locker room after the game.


(n) A sudden wish to do something without a particular reason; a fanciful idea.
Purchasing a puppy is not something to be done on a whim.

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